In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, many references showed in the novel helps bring meaning to the characters. One that is the most prominent is Paradise Lost, by John Milton. This book is found by Frankenstein’s creature in a forgotten knapsack, which soon becomes an essential reading that helps develop his grasp on knowledge and language. The epic poem involves the Biblical story of the Fall of man, using the religious characters of God, Adam, Eve, Satan, etc. Some interesting parallels can be drawn between the characters of each of the books.
Let’s talk about Frankenstein’s creation. He possesses numerous similarities with Adam and Satan. At first, he thinks that he is more like the image of Adam. Nonetheless, Victor left him on his own, identical to what God did when he created Adam after Satan. All his focus was on his newest specimen, Adam. So, Frankenstein reacts in the same manner as Satan does to his solitude and abandonment: he develops an extreme feeling of hatred toward human beings, especially toward his creator. Both individuals were born without the knowledge of any kind of bitterness.
Moreover, the creature tries to get closer to the characteristics of Adam by asking Victor for a female creation. In Paradise Lost, Adam requests the same thing from God, in which God accepts and creates Eve. Likewise, Victor also gives a positive answer to his monster, but then destroys what he had started, horrified by sinful scenarios that he thinks will occur. Again, the link with Satan and the creature can be seen by their seeking of revenge on their creator. Satan, for his part, wants to inflict his bad intentions toward Adam because he is the cause of his desertion.
Even if there is small links between Adam and Frankenstein’s creation, it can be observed that he stands more as a Satan figure. Both could have been respectable individuals because they both started their life with right intentions, but their rejection and isolation from their creator led to their downfall into hell.